Marrakech history

Learn about the fascinating history of Marrakech from its founding by Yusuf ibn Tašufin, of the Berber dynasty of the Almoravids, to the present day.



The history of Marrakech begins with its foundation in 1062 by Ibn Tasfin, who installed in it the headquarters of the dynasty of the Almoravids "inhabitants of the rabid" schools propagating the faith, from which the Almoravids conquered all of Morocco. Ibn Tasfin is considered the father of Morocco.


The Almoravid caliph Abd al Mu-min ordered the construction of two mosques, one of them is the famous Koutoubia Mosque inspired by the art of Al-Andalus that is reminiscent of the Giralda.


The Almoravids defeated, the Almohad dynasty was installed, "unifiers" of Islam, Berbers who denied the intercession of the marabouts or holy men before God. The Almohad period was a period of great splendor for Marrakech. Many buildings remember it, such as the majestic entrance of the Qasba, a fortress in which there is also a mosque.


In 1230 al-Maymun, of the Benimerines dynasty, helped by Ferdinand II, conquered Marrakech. Shortly after his brother Abu Yusuf eliminated the Almohads and the Benimerines ruled Marrakech for two centuries. In the Benimerin stage, the city was a bit forgotten and there are no traces to highlight of its passage.


The Benimerin or Marinie dynasty, as it is also called, was followed by the Wattasi dynasty and from it, and finally, power passed to the Jerif dynasty.


The Jerifes are descendants of Muhammad byline of his daughter Fatima married to Ali. From Ali comes the name of Alauíes, a dynasty to which the current king of Morocco belongs and hence the name of "Alawite kingdom", previously also called "Jerifian empire".


The Jerifes took power in the 16th century. The mosque of Bab Dukkala, Muassin, and Sidi al-Yazuli, the madrasa of Ibn Yusuf from 1570, and the mausoleum of Saadie al-Mansur and his family stand out from this period.


Marrakech goes through all the historical vicissitudes of Morocco itself where the Portuguese, Spanish and French set their feet, sometimes to eliminate the corsairs, others for retaliation for allowing piracy and, in general, for the control of its natural wealth and its privileged door situation of Africa.


History convulsed until the independence of Morocco in 1956, with few periods of peace caused by the ambitions of the European countries that neutralized each other.


In 1911 the capital of Morocco became Rabat and Marrakech fell into the background. Today it is a city that lives mainly from tourism, agricultural products that are exported to Europe, and canned vegetables. It is the commercial center of its region and the transportation center of the mineral extracted in the Atlas.

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